- To critically monitor, characterise and analyse online racial hate speech written during the pandemic and to compare it to the period prior to the pandemic;

- To problematise the rise and normalisation of racist and xenophobic hate speech alongside the growth of the far-right in Portuguese and international politics;

- To promote the theoretical debate in Portugal about racial hate speech, establishing a critical dialogue with its ideological underpinnings;

- To analyse the relationship between racial hate speech and the notion of belonging to the ‘nation’;

- To deconstruct the thesis of ‘reverse racism’;

- To define strategies, counter-narratives and guidelines, which aim to fight the proliferation of hate speech;

- To encourage the involvement of ‘civil society’ in preventing and combating hate speech.


Normalization of hate speech online


Project funded by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) within the scope of “Special support to research projects on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on hate crimes and violence and hate speech”, ref. 759209334.